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Eighteenth Century History

1700 – 1715

1700 World population 700 million. Beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Act of Resumption in Ireland.

1701 Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius devises the centigrade temperature scale. Jethro Tull invents the seed drill, a mechanical drill pulled by a horse to plant rows of seeds. Act of Settlement in England.

1702 French Huguenot rebellion.

1703 St Petersburg founded by Peter the Great. Act of Security in Scotland.

1704 Alien Act in England. Newton publishes Optiks. In Ireland, Penal Laws enacted: Catholics are barred from voting, education and the military.

1707 Act of Union between Scotland and England, creating Great Britain.

1709 Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the piano.

1712 Thomas Newcomen patents the atmospheric steam engine.

1714 George I becomes King of Brtain.

1715 Louis XV becomes King of France. Jacobite rebellion in Scotland northern England – they are defeated at Battle of Preston.