500 – 549
500 Scriptures have now been translated into more than 500 languages.
507 Clovis, King of the Franks, defeats the Visigoths at the Battle of Vouille.
508 Paris (now called Lutetia) established by Clovis as the capital of the Kingdom of the Franks
511 Clovis, King of the Franks, dies. The Merovingian Dynasty is continued by his sons.
521 Boëthius introduces Greek musical letter notation to the West.
525 Dionysius Exiguus (Dionysis the Little), a Roman monk and astronomer, records in his Easter Tables Jesus of Nazareth’s birthday as December 25, 753 years after Rome was founded. The error, an incorrect year and date, is repeated in all Christian calendars. Dionysius also left out counting the year 0. See When was Jesus born?
529 Codification of Roman Law, Justinian’s Code, in a series of books called Corpus Juris Civilis, by the Emperor of Byzantine. Many legal maxims would be based on this code, which included the clause, “The things which are common to all (and not capable of being owned) are: the air, running water, the sea and the seashores.” The spelling of the word justice originates from Justinian’s Code.
531 Khosru I, of the Sassanian dynasty, comes to power in Persia.
533 Believing that he is getting the world ready for the Second Coming of Christ, Emperor Justinian reconquers parts of the Roman Empire.
534 Queen Hu of China is assassinated. Northern China divides between western and eastern halves of the Wei dynasty.
537 Saint Benedict of Nursia, the father of Western monasticism, outlines the step for leading a devout life in what is known as the Rule of St Benedict. The Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) is dedicated in Constantinople.
542 The plague of Europe, known as the Great Plague of Justinian (a bubonic plague) ravages Europe. It would last until 593, killing half the population of Europe.
543 Byzantine general Belisarius defeat the Vandals in North Africa.
547 The famous church of St. Vitale in Ravenna, known for its octagonal shape and mosaics of the Byzantine Emperor and empress, Justinian and Theodora, is completed.