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History Before Christ

Time – 2001 BC

8000 BC Invention of the wheel, most likely. With the cultivation of grains in river valleys, the age of agriculture begins. Wine and beer is produced.

7000 BC Use of pottery.

6000 BC Linen is made from the flax plant.

5000 BC Mesopotanian civilisation. Development of irrigation. Cultivation of maize. Use of copper.

4241 BC Earliest recorded date in Egyptian calendar.

4000 BC Meslim, King of Kish, rules Sumeria (Southern Babylonia). Development of plowing and taming of horses.

3760 BC First year of Jewish calendar.

3500 BC First phonetic writing and formation of numbering system by Summerians, who also were among the first to use wagons for carrying goods and people.

3000 BC The Megalithic tombs constructed Newgrange, Ireland. Building of temples and canals in Sumeria, ruled by Ur-Nina. Fourth Egyptian Dynasty founded by Snefru. The Epic of Gilgamesh, in poetry form, written (One of the oldest works of literature. Fragments of the Epic of Gilgamesh were found on clay tablets in the 19th century in the ancient city of Nineveh. It tells the story of a semidivine king named Gilgamesh who sought immortality. The king was probably based on an historical king of Uruk in Mesopotamia..)

2850 BC Fu-Hi becomes first Emperor of China.

2800 BC Development of the calendar. First recorded revolution: people from the Sumerian city of Lagash overthrew bureaucrats who were lining their own pockets but kept raising taxes.

2680 BC Great Pyramid at Giza completed.

2650 BC Akkadian Empire in Mesopotamia founded by Sargon.

2637 BC First year of the Chinese calendar.

2600 BC Sixth Dynasty in Egypt ends the ancient Egyptian Empire. Pepy II reigns 94 years, longest reign in history.

2550 BC The Old Egyptian Empire under Khufu, his son Khafre, and his grandson Menkure, start the construction of the great pyrimids. Invention of glass.

2500 BC Minoan Age of Cretans begins. Domestication of camels. First libraries appear in Assyria, Egypt and China. Soap used. (The first mention of soap was on Sumerian clay tablets dating to this time – the soap was made of water, alkali and cassia oil.)

2400 BC Ur-Engur establishes Dynasty of Ur in Sumeria.

2350 BC Mesopotamian kings lay down the first recorded law, known as the Urukagina’s Code. (The code has never been discovered but it is mentioned in other documents.)

2300 BC Paper made from the papyrus plant in Egypt.

2100 BC First Dynasty of Babylon established by Sumu-Abu. Abraham born in Ur in Mesopotamia.

2050 BC The earliest known written legal code, Ur-Nammu’s Code, dates from this time. Although called Ur-Nammu’s Code, it is generally agreed that it was written by his son Shugli. (The code allowed for the dismissal of corrupt men, protection of the poor, giving testomony under oath, and the ability of judges to order damages be paid to a victim by the guilty party.)